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January 20, 2011 by admin  
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Small dog breeds are favorites for both household pets and show dogs and three of the world’s favorite breeds are the Pomeranian, the Pug and the Papillon. If you are looking for a small dog, you can’t go wrong with any one of these breeds but they each have subtle differences which we will explore in the article below.

The Pomeranian

This little ball of fluff has a sweet loving disposition and looks like it is always smiling. Originating in Pomerania, this breed was bred down from a much larger breed that weighed in at 30 pounds and was made popular by Queen Victoria. Today, the breed weighs only 3 to 7 pounds and stands about 7 to 12 inches tall. It’s a very fluffy dog which almost remind you of an Arctic sled dog and well it should as that’s what it’s ancestors were. The Pomeranian has a double coat which consists of a woolly undercoat and a long silky outer coat. The breed comes in many colors including Orange, Sable, Cream, White, Red, Brown, Blue and Black.

This is a lively little dog who is very intelligent and can learn tricks very quickly, however like many small breeds may be difficult to house train. He is a very independent dog and is eager to please his master but may be a bit reserved and can bark a lot at strange noises. This breed is active indoors but does not require a large yard and can be a great apartment dog if taken for a daily walk. these dogs can be prone to a dislocated patella, slipped stifle, eye problems, skin problems, heart problems and dental problems.

The Pomeranian does shed and needs to be groomed to daily especially the fringe on the legs and the chest which can easily become matted. To brush the Pom, you should start a head and brush forward – against the way the coat lays naturally. It is also important that he gets his teeth brushed regularly and his eyes and ears cleaned regularly as well as the fur trimmed in between the pads on his feet.

The Papillon.

This breed is at least 700 years old and gets its name from the French word for butterfly because It’s years resemble butterfly wings. He’s just a tad larger than the Pomeranian weighing in at 7to 10 pounds and standing 8 to 11 inches tall. The Papillion has a long lustrous coat, with a plumed tail which he carries curled over his back. He has an alert, intelligent expression and comes in why eat with patches of color.

Although a small dog, this breed is tough for his size and loves to be outdoors. He is lively an intelligent and charms most everyone he meets. This amusing, playful dog can also be patient and gentle but as with many purebred dogs some can be timid and high strung. The Papillon has a strong instinct to protect its domain which may lead to excessive barking if not trained properly at an early age.

The Papillion may be prone to dislocated patella and can suffer from an opening on the top of his skull called Fontanel which may only appear when they are puppies and correct itself as they get older although in some dogs it remains throughout their life and you will have to be careful to protect this area.

This small dog breed is very clean and odorless and has a beautiful silky coat that needs to be brushed daily. their nails must be kept clipped and their teeth brushed. They do not shed excessively, however despite their long coat.

The Pug

The pug is a favorite small dog breed for a household companion and is one of the oldest breeds dating back to 400 B.C. where it is said to have originated in Asia. Slightly larger than the Papillon, the pug weighs between 13 and 20 pounds and is between 10 and 14 inches in height. This dog is short and stocky, very thick and compact with a wrinkly face that looks a little worried. He has prominent eyes, a deep brown with a loving expression into short coat which comes in Apricot, Black, Fawn and Silver.

This dog is perky and playful and also loyal and affectionate and makes a great family pet.
They can be a bit is mischievous and are highly intelligent so they can become very bored with repetitive training and you must always challenge them in order to get the best out of them. For the most part, pugs get along great with other pets even dogs as well as children and a happy to welcome visitors into your house. They like a lot of attention from their masters, however and they may become jealous if they are ignored.

With their short flat faces, pugs can catch cold easily and are prone to allergies and chronic breathing problems. Their prominent eyes are also prone to problems and they can have a tendency to gain weight if they are overfed as they will pretty much eat as much as you will give them. They can also suffer from skin problems.

Although the Pug, like any dog should be taken for a walk every day they are relatively inactive indoors and make great apartment dogs. They do not do well with extreme temperatures, so care should be taken on very cold and very hot days.

Their short, smooth coat makes the Pug easy to groom although they do shed and should be periodically combed with a firm bristle brush. Decreases around their face should be tended to on a regular basis and they should be bathed only when necessary and dried immediately afterwards.

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